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No April fools, diesel average below $4, gasoline slows rise

April 2, 2024
The EIA found that the national average for diesel prices reached $3.996 per gallon the week of April 1, while gasoline reached $3.517.

Diesel prices across the U.S. have remained largely static since the beginning of February, but the national average recently fell beneath $4 for the first time in nearly two months, according to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA). The current diesel price national average sits at $3.996 per gallon, 3 cents lower than last week and 10 cents lower than this time last year.

This price decrease was echoed across the country, overall lowering the diesel price plateau by a few cents. Diesel fuel costs fell the least in California, which decreased by less than a cent to $5.221, followed by the New England sub-region and the West Coast, which each fell by only 1 cent to $4.305 and $4.651 per gallon, respectively.

Meanwhile, the Lower Atlantic sub-region saw a larger diesel price decrease of 5 cents to $3.990, followed by the Gulf Coast’s price drop of 4 cents to $3.670 per gallon, and the East Coast’s of 4 cents to $3.670. Altogether, the Gulf Coast is still the cheapest area to buy diesel fuel at $3.670 per gallon, while California is the most expensive at over $5.

Additionally, the EIA noted some changes in the factors driving diesel prices from January (retail price of $3.85 per gallon) to February (retail price of $4.04 per gallon) 2024. While the percentage of diesel costs per gallon that go toward crude oil and taxes have not changed and still comprise 45% and 15% of fuel costs respectively, the allotment surrounding distribution, marketing, and refining have shifted. Refining constituted 22% of the cost of a gallon of fuel in February 2024, 3% more than in January, which comes out to 88 cents of February’s total diesel cost per gallon. But the cost allotment to distribution and marketing fell from 21% to 19%, which equates to 76 cents.

In comparison overall, the AAA motor club’s current diesel average is $4.018, roughly 2 cents more than the EIA’s reckoning. This price is also 3 cents cheaper than last week’s diesel average of $4.042, and 21 cents cheaper than the average last year of $4.222.

Gasoline price spike wavers at $3.517 per gallon

The U.S. national average for gasoline prices broke the streak of consistent price increases that it has upheld since Jan. 15. Nationwide, gas prices decreased by less than a cent from last week to $3.517, a sum up 2 cents from last year. However, this was not the case in every region across the country.

Generally, gas prices rose and fell at a rate of 0-10 cents since last week. Prices decreased less than a cent in the East Coast, reaching $3.382 per gallon, while the Midwest’s gas costs fell 4 cents to $3.366, and the Gulf Coast’s costs decreased 6 cents to $3.116 per gallon.

Meanwhile, price rose by 5 cents for the Rocky Mountain region ($3.351 per gallon), 9 cents for the West Coast overall ($4.556), and 10 cents for California. In the western state, prices have nearly reached $5 per gallon of gas at $4.904. In total, the Gulf Coast is still the cheapest place to buy gas at $3.116 per gallon, while California is the most expensive at $4.904.

To compare, the AAA gas average is currently at $3.536 per gallon, the same as last week and 2 cents less than the EIA’s figure. This is also 3 cents more expensive than last year’s average at this time. In a press release, the AAA attributed the recent fuel cost volatility to global events.

“Uncertainty of the impact of Ukraine’s targeting of Russia’s oil infrastructure likely spiked oil prices recently,” said Andrew Gross, AAA spokesperson. “But those concerns have abated somewhat for now, and gas prices are settling into a pattern similar to last year when the usual seasonal increase was slow and steady.”

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About the Author

Alex Keenan

Alex Keenan is an Associate Editor for Fleet Maintenance magazine. She has written on a variety of topics for the past several years and recently joined the transportation industry, reviewing content covering technician challenges and breaking industry news. She holds a bachelor's degree in English from Colorado State University in Fort Collins, Colorado.