Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems

Bendix Tech Tips: Guidelines for springtime maintenance

March 19, 2024
Checking in on a vehicle's health after driving through winter weather is critical, especially to verify that road salts and deicers have not taken a toll on the truck.

This article was contributed by Bendix Commercial Vehicle Systems.

Winter takes a toll on vehicles with its temperature swings, harsh road chemicals, and other ravages. While the arrival of spring across North America can be a cause for celebration, it’s also the time to consider preventive maintenance to help proactively keep trucks out of the shop and rolling safely. This installment of the Bendix Tech Tips series offers reminders of springtime practices to help put winter in the rear-view mirror.

Air matters

Winter weather can be punishing on the physical components of a truck’s air brake system. This situation is especially true if the vehicle travels through temperature changes with freeze-and-thaw cycles. Coming out of winter, drivers and technicians should pay extra attention to component performance.

“Take the air system, for example,” said Jason Kolecki, Bendix director of marketing and customer solutions, air supply and drivetrain. “As more trucking systems depend on a reliable supply of clean and dry compressed airincluding Automated Manual Transmissions (AMTs), emissions controls, and full stabilityproper maintenance of the air system after winter is key to keeping vehicles on the road and in good operating condition.”

What to look for? Air dryers mounted on the frame rail are susceptible to corrosion because of their exposure to the roadthis scenario is particularly true of the seats around the purge and pressure protection valves, as well as the governor connection. Water can mix with dirt, sand, and road chemicals and form residue that can clog purge and pressure protection valves and other air dryer partspreventing their proper operation. In addition, steel air tanks can also corrode and develop small punctures.

During inspections, keep an eye out for cracking or breakage of plastic air-line tubing that connects the dryer to the truck’s air system. Chemicals and temperature cycling can also affect push-to-connect air fittings.

According to Kolecki, air leaks may be present even if they’re unseen or unheard.

“A good indication that your system may be losing air is if charging the tanks takes significantly longerthree or four minutes, for example, as opposed to one or two,” he said. “The same is true if the system is charging more often. Increased charging cycles means more air going through the dryer, which affects the life of the dryer cartridge.”

Bendix recommends the air dryer cartridge be serviced yearly. If the air dryer cartridge wasn’t switched out in the fall, then spring is a good time to replace it. Remember to replace oil-coalescing cartridges like-for-like.

Brake care

“When it comes to brakes, after winter, you are looking for corrosion, damage, and missing or loose componentsnot unlike any standard inspection,” said Mark Holley, Bendix director of marketing and customer solutions, Wheel-End.

Read more: Bendix Tech Tips: Steering assist system basic troubleshooting

Examine brake friction for good condition – no lining cracks, missing portions, or oil or grease contamination – and minimum thickness. If it’s time for new friction, be sure to stay up to spec: Not all friction that is marketed as “acceptable” under current Reduced Stopping Distance (RSD) regulations will actually perform to that standard. Select components that will ensure the original equipment manufacturer (OEM) requirements are met so the vehicle remains compliant. If the friction needs to be replaced, it must be replaced on both sides of the axle.

“For brake chambers, make sure the dust plugs are seated properly to prevent corrosive materials from getting inside and causing internal damage,” Holley said. “Technicians should also measure chamber stroke at each wheel-end to ensure proper brake adjustment. In addition, examine the air lines – you want to see that everything is tied up properly and that there is no chafing. Check for damage in the mounting mechanism as well.”

On vehicles with air disc brakes, examine the rotor for corrosion and to be sure the cooling fins are not plugged up, which would prevent the rotor from cooling properly. Inspect the chamber for damage or corrosion. Also look at the air hoses and clamping mechanism to ensure they’re intact.

“We advise technicians to inspect the boots for punctures or tears too, as any opening into the caliper can lead to corrosion,” Holley said. “And check the integrity of the guide pins. Replace parts where necessary, and make sure the shear adapter cover is in place and fully seated. The pads should move freely in the carrier, so you should remove them and clean the carrier surface with a wire brush, if necessary. Also check to ensure that the brake moves freely on its guidance system.”

Holley continued, “For brakes overall, the importance of lubrication can’t be overstated: It keeps moisture from building up and enabling corrosion. Coming out of winter, newly grease all your automatic slack adjusters, clevis pin connections, cam tubes, shafts, and bushings.”

Ensure optimized valve performance

The feel of the brakes is also important; sometimes, it may feel as if they’re responding more “slowly” to the driver’s push of the brake pedal. This feeling may indicate valve seals in the system that have had their lubricant degraded through corrosion – or possibly by the use of de-icing solutions if the air system froze during the winter.

“We recommend not adding brake anti-freeze compounds to the air system but understand that sometimes it’s unavoidable for getting trucks back on the road quickly and safely,” Holley said.

Read more: Bendix Tech Tips: ABS troubleshooting and repair

If you’ve had to use a de-icing solution, then spring is a good time to check for leaks around brake valves where O-rings might have been exposed to the chemicals. Now is also a good time to replace valves that may be sticking internally because of loss of lubrication. Some fleets routinely change out air valves as part of post-winter preventive maintenance.

Advanced Driver Assistance (ADAS) Technologies

Technologies like antilock braking systems (ABS) and electronic stability control (ESC)which are the foundation of advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS)are not immune to rough winter conditions.

“One ABS concern centers on wheel-speed sensors, which can be susceptible to chassis harness issues,” said TJ Thomas, Bendix director of marketing and customer solutions, Controls. “Wire harnesses can get damaged by chafing, gravel, or corrosion. Any wiring on the chassis can be at risk because once a damaged wiring harness gets wet, it is more likely to short out. A common source of calls to the Bendix tech support team this time of year is post-winter electrical shorts and the brake system component malfunctions that result.”

Frayed or cut chassis wires can also cause potential issues with the ADAS camera or radar. Bendix advises checking the chassis harness and connectors near the ADAS camera or radar should a problem with the system be detected or if the system doesn’t seem to be working optimally.

“An issue that may arise for stability control can be the steering angle sensor out of calibration, which can sometimes happen after a front-end alignment,” Thomas said. “It’s important to calibrate the steering angle sensor after almost any work is done on the front-end.”

Radar units face their own challenges. Since the radar is on the front of the vehicle, the connector can be exposed to all sorts of chemicalswhich is especially true in winter when salt and other substances are used on roads. It’s a good practice to make sure the connector is properly covered, sealed, and secured, which will help minimize the corrosion that may occur from repeated exposure to moisture and road chemicals.

Tires help ensure that ADAS technologies work at their best. Drivers can double-check their wheel-ends for adequate tire tread depth and unusual wear like cracking. In the shop, technicians should make sure tire pressure monitoring systems are operating properly after the temperature swings of winterrunning on the right inflation is critical.

This spring, hit the road with enhanced safety, uptime, and peace of mind by addressing winter’s toll on your trucks.